Elbow replacement surgery is a complex process partly because the elbow has many moving parts that stabilize each other with great accuracy to regulate the movements of your forearm.
Problems ranging from rheumatoid arthritis to serious fractures, according to Dr. Sandeep Singh, orthopedic doctor in Bhubaneswar might injure your elbow. In some circumstances, the injury can be corrected medically. However, if the damage is severe, your doctor may suggest elbow replacement surgery. The most prevalent cause for having elbow replacement surgery is pain.
Even though elbow joint replacement is far less prevalent than knee or hip replacement, it is just as effective in alleviating joint discomfort and allowing people to return to their favorite hobbies.
This post by the top orthopedic specialist in Bhubaneswar can help you understand more about elbow replacement surgery, whether you’re just starting to look at treatment options or you’ve already decided on it.
What is the purpose of elbow replacement?
When symptoms are severe or restricting, your orthopedic doctor may propose elbow replacement to address significant elbow damage. Intense discomfort, deformity, or disability, as well as elbow weakness and instability, are all symptoms.
If less invasive therapies fail to improve pain and elbow function, your doctor may recommend elbow replacement. Inquire about all of your treatment options with your doctor, and consider getting a second opinion.
Elbow replacement is used to address severe or permanent injury to the elbow joint caused by:
- Injuries to the elbow joint, such as severe fractures, torn ligaments, and torn cartilage
- Arthritis that is inflammatory, such as rheumatoid arthritis
- Osteoarthritis, also known as degenerative joint disease, is when cartilage and bones break down.
- Post-traumatic arthritis is a type of arthritis that develops after a significant injury.
When it comes to elbow replacement, who does it?
Elbow replacement is done by orthopedic and hand surgeons. Orthopedic surgeons are doctors who specialize in treating disorders with bones and joints. They operate on patients and provide various therapies. Hand surgeons are orthopedic or plastic surgeons specializing in hand, wrist, forearm, and elbow surgery.
Before the Operation, What Should You Do?
When a patient attends Dr. Sandeep Singh’s clinic in Bhubaneswar, he is asked about their medical history. You must disclose any medical issues, including allergies that you may have. Also, inform if you consume alcohol and what medications you are on. You should quit smoking before your surgery if you smoke.
Elbow replacement options
Only one component of the joint may need to be replaced in some circumstances. For example, if only the head of one of your forearm bones (radius) is damaged, a prosthetic head can be used to replace it.
The ends of the bones that come together in the elbow will be removed if the complete joint needs to be replaced. Bones are hollow tubes with a soft interior. The artificial joint’s long, slender ends are put into the more delicate center region of the bones.
Prosthetic devices are divided into two categories:
- Linked: Because all of the elements of the replacement joint are connected, this form of prosthesis operates like a loose hinge. Although this provides high joint stability, the movement forces can cause the prosthesis to come away from its insertion into the arm bones.
- Unlinked: This is made up of two components that are not connected. Because its design relies on the surrounding ligaments to keep the joint together, it is more prone to dislocation.
If a disease has damaged your elbow, like rheumatoid arthritis or an injury, your doctor may prescribe surgery to replace the joint so you can move more freely.
A surgeon replaces your elbow with an artificial joint consisting of two implants that link to the bones in your arm during elbow replacement. The implants are held together by a metal and plastic hinge.
What to anticipate?
The orthopedic doctor in Bhubaneswar, Dr. Sandeep Singh, believes that replacing an elbow takes about 2 hours. You’ll be drugged so you don’t “wake up” during the process. You could spend up to four days in the hospital.
Your replacement elbow will be stitched and bandaged after the operation. In addition, you may need to wear a splint to keep your arms stable while it heals.
You’ll require strong pain meds following elbow replacement because it includes cutting skin, tendons, and bone. You’ll be on pain medication for 1 to 2 weeks after you leave the hospital.
It’ll take some time for you to adjust to your new elbow. For example, following surgery, you won’t be able to lift anything heavier than a cup of coffee for six weeks. So it’s a good idea to arrange for assistance ahead of time.
What are the consequences?
The following are the most common complications:
- Yeast infection
- Nerve and blood vessel damage
- Reaction to the prosthetic joint that is allergic
- A fractured bone
- Instability or stiffness of the joint
- Artificial parts loosening or wearing ou
- Weakness or failure of your arm’s tendons
Because of the anesthetic, there are dangers such as an adverse reaction to the drugs and breathing difficulties. In addition, bleeding and blood clots are a possibility with any surgery.
What all to understand about physical therapy and recovery?
To help your arm develop stronger and move better, you’ll learn easy exercises and various sorts of physical therapy. For example, you’ll bend and straighten your arm as part of your “range of motion” workouts.
Elbow replacement frequently relieves discomfort and improves elbow function. However, it is possible that the joint will not be as good as before the sickness or injury.
Hammering, playing contact sports, and lifting large weights are all activities that might result in further injury. However, your new elbow should last you many years if you take excellent care of it.
What impact might elbow replacement have on my day-to-day life?
Elbow replacement may help you live a more active and everyday life by reducing your symptoms and improving elbow function. In addition, elbow replacement can assist you in becoming more self-sufficient and resuming typical daily activities like cooking and dressing.
It would be best if you avoided the following activities to protect your new elbow joint:
- Sports involving physical contact
- Falls and behaviors that increase the danger of falling, such as mounting a ladder.
- Activities with a high impact, such as hammering and chopping wood
- Activities that place a strain on the joints, such as lifting objects weighing more than five to ten pounds