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HIV/AIDS Patients in India

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As per the latest HIV estimates report (2019) of the Government, India is estimated to have around 23.49 lakh people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV) in 2019. The HIV epidemic has an overall decreasing trend in country with estimated annual New HIV infections declining by 37% between 2010 and 2019.

HIV infection in India is mainly caused by engagement in high risk behaviours. The main high-risk behaviours identified for HIV infection in India includes unprotected heterosexual behaviour, unprotected homosexual behaviour, and unsafe injecting drug use behaviour.

There are no dedicated hospitals for the treatment of HIV/AIDS patients. However, under the National AIDS Control Programme (NACP) of the Government, as on July 2020, there are 570 Anti-retroviral treatment (ART) Centers and 1264 Link ART Centers.

State/UT-wise details of people living with HIV/AIDS in 2018 and 2019 as per the latest HIV estimates report (2019) is at Annexure.

Annexure

Statement on State/UT-wise people living with HIV/AIDS in 2018 and 2019 (In lakh)

S NoState/UT20182019
1Andhra Pradesh3.283.14
2Arunachal Pradesh0.010.01
3Assam0.210.21
4Bihar1.311.34
5Chhattisgarh0.420.43
6Delhi0.660.68
7Goa0.050.05
8Gujarat1.041.04
9Himachal Pradesh0.070.07
10Haryana0.450.45
11Jharkhand0.220.23
12Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh0.060.06
13Karnataka2.802.69
14Kerala0.240.24
15Meghalaya0.110.11
16Maharashtra4.053.96
17Manipur0.290.29
18Madhya Pradesh0.590.59
19Mizoram0.200.20
20Nagaland0.220.23
21Odisha0.500.49
22Punjab0.660.66
23Rajasthan0.620.63
24Sikkim0.0030.003
25Tamil Nadu1.591.55
26Tripura0.020.03
27Uttarakhand0.110.11
28Uttar Pradesh1.611.61
29West Bengal0.730.74
30Andaman & Nicobar Islands0.0050.005
31Chandigarh0.020.02
32Dadra & Nagar Haveli0.010.01
33Daman & Diu0.0050.005
34Puducherry0.050.05
35Telangana1.601.58
36India23.8123.49

Source: India HIV Estimates 2019 report

The Minister of State (Health and Family Welfare), Sh Ashwini Kumar Choubey stated this in a written reply in the Rajya Sabha here today.

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