Cancer Treatment- Explained By Best Oncologist In Bangalore
The goal of cancer treatment is to cure your cancer and restore your ability to live a normal life. Depending on your unique situation, this may or may not be doable. If a cure isn’t possible, your treatments may be used to decrease or slow the progression of your cancer so you can live as long as possible without symptoms.
In this article, Dr Sandeep Nayak who is one of the best oncologist in Bangalore will discuss the types of cancer treatment that are used in Bangalore, India.
Types Of Treatments:
A main treatment’s purpose is to eradicate the cancer from your body or to destroy all cancer cells. Any cancer treatment can be employed as a first line of defense, however surgery is the most common initial cancer treatment for the most prevalent cancers. You may receive one of these therapies as your primary treatment if your cancer is very sensitive to radiation therapy or chemotherapy.
The purpose of adjuvant therapy is to eliminate any cancer cells that remain after initial treatment, lowering the chances of the cancer returning. Adjuvant therapy can be used with any cancer treatment. Chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and hormone therapy are all common adjuvant therapies. Neoadjuvant therapy is identical to primary treatment, however treatments are given before the primary treatment to make it easier or more successful.
Palliative therapy can help with treatment side effects as well as cancer-related signs and symptoms. Symptoms can be relieved with surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, and hormone therapy. Other drugs can help with symptoms including discomfort and shortness of breath. Palliative care can be used in conjunction with other treatments aimed at curing your cancer.
Treatment options for cancer include:
Surgery- Surgery’s purpose is to eliminate the malignancy, or as much of it as feasible.
Chemotherapy- Chemotherapy is a treatment that uses chemicals to kill cancer cells.
Radiation therapy- Radiation therapy uses high-powered energy beams such as X-rays or protons. Radiation therapy can come from a machine outside your body (external beam radiation) or from inside your body (internal beam radiation) (brachytherapy).
Transplantation of bone marrow- The stuff inside your bones called bone marrow produces blood cells from blood stem cells. A bone marrow transplant, commonly known as a stem cell transplant, can employ either your own or a donor’s bone marrow stem cells. A bone marrow transplant allows your doctor to treat your cancer with larger chemotherapy doses. It can also be used to replace bone marrow that has become diseased.
Immunotherapy- Immunotherapy, often known as biological therapy, is a cancer treatment that makes use of your body’s immune system. Because your immune system does not detect cancer as an intruder, it can thrive unchecked in your body. Immunotherapy can assist your immune system in “seeing” and attacking cancer.
Hormone therapy- Some cancers are driven by hormones in the body. Breast cancer and prostate cancer are two examples. Cancer cells may cease growing if certain hormones are removed from the body or their effects are blocked. This is known as targeted medication therapy. Targeted medication therapy focuses on cancer cells’ unique defects that allow them to survive.
Cryoablation- Cold kills cancer cells with this treatment. A thin, wand-like needle (cryoprobe) is introduced through your skin and directly into the malignant tumor during cryoablation. To freeze the tissue, a gas is fed into the cryoprobe. The tissue is then allowed to defrost. To kill cancer cells, the freezing and thawing process is performed numerous times during the same therapy session.
Ablation with radiofrequency- This treatment heats cancer cells, causing them to die, utilizing electrical energy. During radiofrequency ablation, a doctor inserts a small needle into the cancer tissue through the skin or an incision. High-frequency radiation goes through the needle and heats the surrounding tissue, killing the cells in the area.
What you may anticipate
There are numerous cancer treatments available. The type and stage of your cancer, as well as your overall health and preferences, will all influence your treatment options. You and your doctor can decide which cancer treatment is best for you by weighing the benefits and dangers of each option.