The reason why May 1 is celebrated as Maharashtra Day and Gujarat Day in both the respective states is that on this day, 57 years ago, the existing state of Maharashtra was formed. The then Bombay had people speaking various languages like Marathi, Gujarati, Kutchi, and Konkani, however, it did not work out. And, the Sanyukt Maharashtra Andolan began demanding a separate state.
The protest continued till 1960 and in the same year, the Bombay Reorganization Act was passed by India’s Parliament to divide the multilingual state of Bombay into Gujarat and Maharashtra. The legislation came into effect on May 1, 1960.
Here’s how Maharashtra and Gujarat Day is celebrated:
Maharashtra Day is celebrated with a parade at Shivaji Park, Dadar. The state governor, state reserve police force, Mumbai police, etc are all a part of the parade. Various cultural events also take place across Maharashtra. The day is also seen as a public holiday and all the schools, bank, government offices remain closed. Many notable personalities with the academic background, police officials, sportsmen, and doctors are awarded for their notable contribution.
In Gujarat, the day is celebrated across the state with parades and other government events. The parade takes place on the Sabarmati Waterfall in Ahmadabad.