On the completion of 75 years of India’s independence, the government is celebrating the Amrit Mahotsav of Independence. In such a situation, we are going to tell you about the Constitution, the most sacred book of democracy, which explains the true meaning of freedom. 26 November is celebrated every year as National Constitution Day, Constitution Day or National Law Day to commemorate the adoption of the Constitution of India. The Constitution of India was adopted on 26 November 1949 and came into force on 26 November 1950.
National Constitution Day was not celebrated before 2015. On November 19, 2015, Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment notified the government’s decision to observe 26 November every year as National Constitution Day to promote constitutional values among citizens and pay tribute to Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar . There is much more you should know about your constitution.
The document declares India to be a sovereign, socialist, secular and democratic republic, assures justice, equality and liberty to its citizens and seeks to promote fraternity.
The Constitution of India is the largest written constitution in the world which came into force on 26 January 1950. The meetings of the Constitution Drafting Committee lasted for 114 days and it took about 3 years for the constitution to be drafted. About 64 lakh rupees were spent on the construction work of the constitution and a total of 7635 information was discussed in its construction work.
Who suggested the Indian Constitution?
M.N. Roy was the first person to have the idea of forming a Constituent Assembly in the year 1934 and in the year 1935, the National Congress made an official demand for it.
Who wrote the constitution of India?
The Constitution of India is neither printed nor typed. Our constitution is handwritten and calligraphic in Hindi and in English languages. It was handwritten by Prem Bihari Narayan Raizada and published by him in Dehradun.
Every page was decorated by the artists of Shantiniketan
Artists from Santiniketan, including Ram Manohar Sinha and Nandalal Bose, embellished every page of the handwritten Indian Constitution.
Which is the largest constitution in the world?
Do you know which country has the largest constitution of India? The Constitution of India with 1,17,369 words is the largest constitution in the world. Whereas the constitution of Monaca is the shortest constitution, which is 3,814 words.
How long did it take to make the Constitution of India?
It took a total of 2 years, 11 months and 18 days to make the Constitution of India. In Mota Moti it is counted as 3 years.
Journey from 1950 to 2021
The original Constitution of India had 22 Part 8 Schedules and 395 Articles. At present, there are 25 parts, 12 schedules and 370 articles in the constitution and 104 amendments have been made in the constitution of India.
Government of India Act 1935?
The main source of the present Constitution of India is the Act of 1935.
National Emblem of India?
On January 26, 1950, the Government of India accepted the emblem of the Ashoka Pillar at Sarnath as a royal emblem. The four lions present in the Ashoka Pillar are a symbol of strength, courage, pride and self-confidence. But only three lions appear.
Why did Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar want to burn the Constitution?
Small communities and small people fear that the majority may harm them, and the British Parliament works to suppress this fear. Sir, my friends tell me that I have made the Constitution. But I’m all set to say that I’ll be the first one to burn it. I don’t need it. It’s not good for anyone. But still, if our people want to go ahead with this, we have to remember that there is a majority on one side and a minority on the other. And the majority cannot say no, no, we cannot give importance to minorities because it will harm democracy. I must say that harming minorities would be the most damaging. This address was said by Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar himself.
women’s right to vote
Indian women got the right to vote only after the constitution of India came into force.
42nd Amendment to the Constitution
The 42nd Amendment also amended the Preamble and changed the description of India from ‘Sovereign Democratic Republic’ to ‘Sovereign, Socialist Secular Democratic Republic’, and also changed the words ‘Unity of the Nation’ to ‘Unity and Integrity of the Nation’ .
What is the 104th Amendment?
The 104th Amendment came into effect on January 25, 2020. This amendment extended by a period of 10 years the time limit for the expiry of reservation of seats for members of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in the Lok Sabha and State Assemblies. According to the 95th amendment to the Constitution of India, the reservation was to end on January 26, 2020.
Who was the first to sign the Indian Constitution?
The first President of the country, Dr. Rajendra Prasad became the first person to sign the Constitution of India. Whereas the then President of the Constituent Assembly, Feroze Gandhi was the last person to sign it.
Who is called the heart and soul of the Indian Constitution?
Article 32 is considered to be the heart and soul of the Constitution of India. It talks about the right to constitutional remedies.